The Annual Report of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka for the Year 2018

The vulnerability of the Sri Lankan economy to global and domestic disturbances became increasingly visible in 2018, with a modest expansion in real economic activity amidst a low inflation environment during the year. Real GDP growth was recorded at 3.2 per cent in 2018, compared to 3.4 per cent in the previous year. This growth was largely supported by services activities that expanded by 4.7 per cent and the recovery in agriculture activities, which recorded a growth of 4.8 per cent. Industry activities slowed down significantly to 0.9 per cent during the year, mainly as a result of the contraction in construction. According to the expenditure approach, both consumption and investment expenditure supported growth. Investment as a percentage of GDP stood at 28.6 per cent in 2018 compared to 28.8 per cent in the previous year, while the savings-investment gap widened during the year indicating increased dependence on external resources to fill the shortfall. The total size of the Sri Lankan economy was estimated at US dollars 88.9 billion, while the per capita GDP was recorded at US dollars 4,102 in 2018, which was marginally lower than in the previous year. Amidst the moderate growth in economic activity, a marginal increase in the unemployment rate and a decline in the labour force participation rate were observed during the year.


Published Date: 

Thursday, April 25, 2019